Zinc porphyrin/g-C₃N₄ S-scheme photocatalyst for efficient H₂O₂ production

Yang XIA, Bicheng ZHU, Xing QIN, Wing Kei HO, Jiaguo YU

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46 Citations (Scopus)


Constructing heterojunction photocatalyst is a promising strategy to achieve solar-to-chemical energy conversion. Especially, the S-scheme heterojunction has received a great deal of attention because of its superiority of the efficient photogenerated charge carriers’ separation and the strong photoredox capacity. Herein, an S-scheme heterojunction is designed and synthesized through grafting supramolecular Zinc porphyrin (Zn-TCPP) on g-C₃N₄ (CN) via –CONH- bridging bond for H₂O₂ production in the O₂ atmosphere under a 300 W Xe lamp irradiation using ethanol as a sacrificial agent. As the optimal sample, Zn-TCPP/CN exhibits the highest H₂O₂ production rate with 532.7 μmol/L within 90 min, which is 3.1 and 9.0 times higher than those of pure CN and Zn-TCPP, respectively. The route of H₂O₂ production in the photocatalytic process and the mechanism of activity enhancement are revealed by a systematic characterisation. Hence, the results of the radical trapping experiment and rotating disk electrode measurement demonstrate that the two-step single-electron route is the predominant reaction step in the process of H₂O₂ generation. In-situ irradiated X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ISI-XPS) and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) technology provide strong evidence of the S-scheme charge transfer path between Zn-TCPP and CN, which greatly facilitates the spatial charge separation. Meanwhile, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the strong interface interaction between Zn-TCPP and CN can induce the electron delocalization effect, thus restraining charge recombination. This work inspired the design of a high-active metalloporphyrin-based S-scheme heterojunction for energy conversion. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number143528
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Early online dateMay 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


Xia, Y., Zhu, B., Qin, X., Ho, W., & Yu, J. (2023). Zinc porphyrin/g-C₃N₄ S-scheme photocatalyst for efficient H₂O₂ production. Chemical Engineering Journal, 467, Article 143528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.143528


  • Photocatalysis
  • Zinc porphyrin
  • g-C₃N₄
  • S-scheme
  • H₂O₂ production
  • PG student publication


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