Working against globalisation: The role of the media and national education in Singapore

Aaron Soon Lee KOH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article discusses how the media and schools are used as disciplinary apparatuses to resist and work against globalisation in Singapore. Aihwa Ong calls the deployment of state ideological apparatuses, such as the media and schools, acts of 'reassemblage', when technocrats resort to assemble institutions, diverse Government practice and political values to engage in citizenship production. The National Education curriculum package introduced to Singapore schools is one example of 'reassemblage', which aims to reinvent subject-citizens who are perceived as lacking cultural mooring and a national identity. I argue that in the context of globalisation, this cultural experimentation of constructing a national identity and creating a sense of belonging is fraught with ruptures, as 'youthscapes' and new communication technologies are potentially the liminal spaces where other sources of identities are up for grabs. These liminal spaces further allow youths to perform 'elective belonging' rather than a sense of belonging bound by the 'national' and 'local'. Copyright © 2006 Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-370
JournalGlobalisation, Societies and Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006



Koh, A. (2006). Working against globalisation: The role of the media and national education in Singapore. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 4(3), 357-370.


  • Globalization
  • National education
  • National identity
  • Singapore