Word learning deficit among Chinese dyslexic children

Connie Suk-Han HO, David W. CHAN, Suk-Man TSANG, Suk-Han LEE, Kevin Kien Hoa CHUNG

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined word learning difficulties in Chinese dyslexic children, readers of a nonalphabetic script. A total of 105 Hong Kong Chinese children were recruited and divided into three groups: Dyslexic (mean age 8;8), CA control (mean age 8;9), and RL control (mean age 6;11). They were given a word learning task and a familiar word writing task. It was found that the Dyslexic group performed less well than the RL group in learning irregular words over trials but not the regular ones. Error analyses showed that the Dyslexic group made more orthographic and word association errors but less intra-wordlist interference errors than the RL control group. The Dyslexic group also performed significantly less well than both control groups in writing familiar words (e.g. their own name). These findings suggest that Chinese dyslexic children have difficulty learning new words, especially irregular ones, and retaining overlearned words in long-term memory. We conclude that Chinese dyslexic children have a specific impairment in word learning like their alphabetic counterparts. Copyright © 2006 Cambridge University Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-161
JournalJournal of Child Language
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

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deficit
Learning
learning
Group
learning disorder
Control Groups
Long-Term Memory
Hong Kong
Names
Word Learning
Dyslexics
interference
Irregular
Control Group

Citation

Ho, C. S.-H., Chan, D. W., Tsang, S.-M., Lee, S.-H., & Chung K. K. H. (2006). Word learning deficit among Chinese dyslexic children. Journal of Child Language, 33(1), 145-161. doi: 10.1017/S0305000905007154