What moves the gold market?

Jun CAI, Yan Leung Stephen CHEUNG, Michael C. S. WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

127 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we provide a detailed characterization of the intraday return volatility in gold futures contracts traded on the COMEX division of the New York Mercantile Exchange. The approach allows the study of intraday patterns, interday ARCH effects, and announcement effects in a coherent framework. We show that the intraday patterns exert a profound impact on the dynamics of return volatility. Among the 23 U.S. macroeconomic announcements, we identify employment reports, gross domestic product, consumer price index, and personal income as having the greatest impact. Finally, by appropriately filtering out the intraday patterns, we find that the high-frequency returns reveal long-memory volatility dependencies in the gold market, which have important implications on the pricing of long-term gold options and the determination of optimal hedge ratios. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-278
JournalJournal of Futures Markets
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001


Cai, J., Cheung, Y.-L., & Wong, M. C. S. (2001). What moves the gold market? Journal of Futures Markets, 21(3), 257-278.


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