The goal of the study was to understand the mechanisms of how social networking sites (SNS) usage is related to depression symptoms, as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CESD). Three studies were conducted to examine the mediation roles of self-esteem and Fear of Missing Out (FoMO). In Study 1, among 347 Chinese college students, time spent on SNS was negatively associated with self-esteem; while self-esteem then negatively associated with depression symptoms. In Study 2, among 180 Chinese college students, time spent on SNS was positively related to FoMO; while FoMO then positively related to depression symptoms. In Study 3, among 233 Chinese university students, both self-esteem and FoMO were simultaneously included in the mediation model to test their respective roles in explaining depression symp-toms. Results showed that more time spent on SNS was related to lower self-esteem, and higher FoMO, respectively; while self-esteem then negatively, and FoMO then positively, explained depression symptoms, respectively. In addition, when participants spent 3.5 h (Study 1), 2.5 h (Study 2), and 2.54 h (Study 3) on SNS, they reached the cutoff for subthreshold depression, as measured by CESD. Combining results from three studies, both self-esteem and FoMO mediated the relation between SNS usage and depression symptoms. This study provides implications to understand the mechanism of SNS-related depression. Copyright © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
|Early online date||08 Apr 2021|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2021|
CitationLeung, A. N. M., Law, W., Liang, Y. Y., Au, A. C. L., Li, C., & Ng, H. K. S. (2021). What explains the association between usage of social networking sites (SNS) and depression symptoms? The mediating roles of self-esteem and fear of missing out. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083916
- Social media
- Fear of missing out