Wearing compression garment enhances central hemodynamics? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Daniel C.W. LEE, Ajmol ALI, Sinead SHERIDAN, King Chung Derwin CHAN, Stephen H.S. WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Lee, DCW, Ali, A, Sheridan, S, Chan, DKC, and Wong, SHS. Wearing compression garment enhances central hemodynamics? a systematic review and meta-analysis . J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2020—Compression garments (CG) are believed to enhance exercise performance and recovery by improving central hemodynamic responses. However, evidence is inconclusive. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of wearing CG at rest or after a physiological challenge on central hemodynamic responses, including cardiac output, stroke volume (SV), heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and systemic vascular resistance in healthy individuals. The English language searches of the electronic databases SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, and Web of Science were conducted from November 2018–February 2019. The studies involved were limited to the following: (a) original articles; (b) randomized controlled trials; (c) monitoring of central hemodynamic responses (either at rest or after a physiological challenge: maximal exercise or orthostatic challenge); and (d) healthy individuals. Of the 786 studies identified, 12 were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Meta-analysis was performed by the restricted maximum likelihood method. The results indicated that the effect size (ES) of wearing CG on improving central hemodynamic responses was large overall (Hedges' g = 0.55) and was large in SV (Hedges' g = 1.09) and HR (Hedges' g = 0.65). Subgroup analysis showed that the ESs in “post-physiological challenge” was large in overall (Hedges' g = 0.98), SV (Hedges' g = 1.78), HR (Hedges' g = 1.10), and DBP (Hedges' g = 0.75). Their ESs in “at rest” were not significant in all central hemodynamic responses, apart from a significant medium ES observed in SV (Hedges' g = 0.44). Healthy individuals who wear CG have marked improvement in central hemodynamic responses, particularly after a physiological challenge. More pronounced effects of CG are observed in increasing SV and reducing HR. Copyright © 2021 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Early online date15 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Oct 2020

Citation

Lee, D. C. W., Ali, A., Sheridan, S., Chan, D. K. C., & Wong, S. H. S. (2020). Wearing compression garment enhances central hemodynamics? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003801

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiac output
  • Heart rate
  • Healthy subjects
  • Physiological challenge
  • Stroke volume

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