This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of urban parks in Hong Kong by scrutinizing their walking accessibility defined as the service range of green spaces for inhabitants. Official statistics and spatial qualitative data contribute to the research data collection. With the help of geographical information system (GIS), geoprocessing buffer and clip tools are capitalized to export maps for analysis. The results reveal a presence of spatial disparity in which urban parks in Kowloon and New Territories have relatively higher walking accessibility than that in Hong Kong Island when walking accessibility highly depends on the proximity of dwellers to urban parks. This proximity is attributed to urban planning, topography, and population density. Road connectivity is another indicator of park efficacy. Urban parks having stronger road connections are on both sides of Victoria Harbor especially Hong Kong Park having the lowest walking accessibility, whereas Po Kong Village Road Park with the highest walking accessibility has weak road connectivity impairing the park efficacy. Functions of urban parks can differ in new towns and old districts with varying land-use patterns. Regarding patterns discovered at urban parks in old towns, one is mainly concentrated by commercial land use when another is dominated by residential and institutional land uses in a provision of map evidence of Kowloon Park and Kowloon Tsai Park. For urban parks in new towns, the hypothesis is confirmed to serve a land-use diversity. Unique functions of those urban parks do not just serve residents in the vicinity but also potential workers and commuters to optimize the park efficacy. The research result is the first step comparing the walking accessibility of urban parks among district councils and bringing city planners new perspectives of urban park analysis in terms of road connection and land use patterns.
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Honours Project (HP)
- Bachelor of Education (Honours) (Geography) (Five-year Full-time)
- Programme code: A5B084
- Course code: GGP4016