The Hong Kong government has recently introduced a voucher system to early childhood education, indicating that the new policy is a milestone in the field. The overall goal of the policy is to improve the provision of early childhood education for the benefit of the children. Public debates reveal the unfamiliar nature of the subject to the local community and as a result, it has left many issues and assumptions unexamined and unchallenged. In effect, the new policy is an obvious neoliberal response to complex issues in the field. The present article describes and highlights the latest policy change and concerns in Hong Kong. Copyright © 2007 Symposium Journals Ltd.