This chapter analyses social and economic debates and the ways economic competitiveness is viewed in relation to human resource development including some implications for vocationalisation. It argues that change from an education-driven to a functional-driven model of skills development within secondary schooling is observed in the Asia-Pacific region. It has been argued that such trends as expansion of the basis for vocationalisation, merging of TVET and general education, quality and delivery of vocationalisation and moves from specific job-skills training to flexible training are typical for the region and need to be taken into account when developing policies and implementation practices for vocationalisation. The degree to which vocationalisation occurs and its nature depends on the level of economic development and on cultural traditions. Social, economic and technology rationales are used by governments to decide on particular vocationalisation policy. The vocationalisation of postsecondary and higher education is analysed through the different levels of debate, and the issue of whether tertiary education is becoming too focused on preparing individual for employment is also discussed. Copyright © 2013 Asian Development Bank. The book is published with open access at SpringerLink.com.
|Title of host publication||Skills development for inclusive and sustainable growth in developing Asia-Pacific|
|Editors||Rupert MACLEAN, Shanti JAGANNATHAN, Jouko SARVI|
|Place of Publication||Dordrecht|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
CitationPavlova, M., & Maclean, R. (2013). Vocationalisation of secondary and tertiary education: Challenges and possible future directions. In R. Maclean, S. Jagannathan, & J. Sarvi (Eds.), Skills development for inclusive and sustainable growth in developing Asia-Pacific (pp. 43-66). Dordrecht: Springer.
- Human capital
- Vocational education
- Human resource development
- World economic forum
- Employability skill