Valorization of animal manure: A case study of bioethanol production from horse manure

Dong-Jun LEE, Jun Ho YIM, Sungyup JUNG, Mi-Sun JANG, Gwi-Taek JEONG, Kwang-Hwa JEONG, Dong-Hyun LEE, Jung Kon KIM, Yiu Fai TSANG, Young Jae JEON, Eilhann E. KWON

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Insecure supply chain of biomass has been regarded as one of the critical constraints for deteriorating the practical implementations of bioethanol (BE). To find a raw feedstock beyond lignocellulosic biomass, horse manure (HM) was converted into BE. To realize the grand premise, two pretreatment methods, acid-/alkaline-pretreatments using H₂SO₄/NaOH, were used for HM. To optimize acid-/alkaline-pretreatments, the surface methodology response with the Box-Behnken design was done. Under the optimized conditions, alkaline-pretreatment showed higher maximum sugar recovery yield (80%) than that from acid- pretreatment (71%), which offers that alkaline-pretreatment is suitable for BE synthesis from HM. The fermentability of acid/enzyme- and alkaline/enzyme-hydrolysates without a supplement of nitrogen source were tested using GRAS strain of yeast, Pichia stipitis. The results indicated that alkaline/enzyme- hydrolysates showed higher BE productivities (0.075 g L⁻¹ h⁻¹) than those of acid/enzyme-hydrolysates (0.050 g L⁻¹ h⁻¹). To elucidate the possible reasons of such higher BE productivities from the alkaline/enzyme- hydrolysates, the potential fermentative inhibitory compounds for Pichia stipitis such as acetic acid, furfural, and hydroxymethylfurfural were quantitatively analyzed. The results indicated that the presence of less amounts of toxic compounds from the alkaline/enzyme- hydrolysates may lead to such higher BE productivities as compared those present in acid/enzyme-hydrolysates. Also, all experimental results suggested a potential for saving production cost of BE using HM as the C/N sources without an additional nitrogen source supplement. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126345
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Early online dateJul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2021


Lee, D.-J., Yim, J. H., Jung, S., Jang, M.-S., Jeong, G.-T., Jeong, K.-H., . . . Kwon, E. E. (2021). Valorization of animal manure: A case study of bioethanol production from horse manure. Chemical Engineering Journal, 403. Retrieved from


  • Waste-to-energy
  • Biomass valorization
  • Livestock manure
  • Saccharification
  • Fermentation
  • Bioethanol


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