Self-determination theory (SDT) has been widely used for studying athlete motivation. The Sport Motivation Scale-II (SMS-II), a SDT-based multidimensional scale, was recently developed to assess athlete motivation. The present research consisting of three studies aimed to develop the Chinese version of the SMS-II (CSMS-II). In Study 1, the SMS-II was translated into Chinese and then administered to university athletes (N = 267). The factorial structure of the CSMS-II was tested with confirmatory factor analysis and it was generally supported. In Study 2, the factorial and external validity of the CSMS-II were evidenced with another independent sample of athletes (N = 259). In Study 3, the test–retest reliability of the CSMS-II responses was supported. In conclusion, the CSMS-II is considered reliable and valid in general for the use with the Chinese university athletes. Copyright © 2016 International Society of Sport Psychology.
|Journal||International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology|
|Early online date||Mar 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
CitationLi, C., Kawabata, M., & Zhang, L. (2018). Validity and reliability of the sport motivation scale-II for Chinese athletes. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(1), 51-64. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2016.1153130
- Scale validation
- Behavioural regulation
- Chinese version