Validation of the gratitude questionnaire in Filipino secondary school students

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Most studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the Gratitude Questionnaire – Six-Item Form (GQ-6) in the Western contexts while very few research has been generated to explore the applicability of this scale in non-Western settings. To address this gap, the aim of the study was to examine the factorial validity and gender invariance of the Gratitude Questionnaire in the Philippines through a construct validation approach. There were 383 Filipino high school students who participated in the research. In terms of within-network construct validity, results of confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the five-item version of the questionnaire (GQ-5) had better fit compared to the original six-item version of the gratitude questionnaire. The scores from the GQ-5 also exhibited invariance across gender. Between-network construct validation showed that gratitude was associated with higher levels of academic achievement (β = .46, p <.001), autonomous motivation (β = .73, p <.001), and controlled motivation (β = .28, p <.01). Conversely, gratitude was linked to lower degree of amotivation (β = -.51, p <.001). Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. Copyright © 2017 Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere45
JournalThe Spanish Journal of Psychology
Early online date11 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


Valdez, J. P. M., Yang, W., & Datu, J. A. D. (2017). Validation of the gratitude questionnaire in Filipino secondary school students. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20. Retrieved from


  • Academic achievement
  • Gratitude
  • Motivation


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