Methods: We conducted citation searches using Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and PsycINFO. Identified dementia caregiving studies cited the original RSCSE article and described results of English and/or non-English translations of the scale.
Results: Peer-reviewed published studies (N = 58) of dementia family caregivers included data for Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Italian, and Spanish translations of the RSCSE; the majority (72%) reported use of non-English translations. Studies utilizing confirmatory factor analytic approaches reported findings consistent with the original development study. Internal consistency, convergent/discriminant validity, and criterion validity indices were congruent across diverse cross-national caregiving samples assessed with different translations. Data supported the RSCSE’s sensitivity to change following specific psychosocial caregiving interventions.
Discussion: The reliability and validity of different translations of the RSCSE support continued use with cross-national samples of dementia family caregivers. Limitations of the scale point to the need for further self-efficacy measurement development within caregiving domains. Consistent with Bandura's discussion of social cognitive theory in cultural contexts, personal agency for caregiving challenges remains generalizable to cross-national populations. This review discusses the implications for cross-cultural research and practice. Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved.
CitationSteffen, A. M., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Arenella, K. M., Au, A., Cheng, S.-T., Crespo, M., . . . Romero-Moreno, R. (2019). Validating the revised scale for caregiving self-efficacy: A cross-national review. The Gerontologist, 59(4), e325-e342. doi: 10.1093/geront/gny004
- Intervention outcome