“V了+有+數量短語+(NP)”中“有”的用法特點

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Abstract

本文討論漢語口語里一類常見動詞短語“V了+有+數量短語+(NP)”中“有”的用法特點。這一類“有”在句法和語義表現上都已不同於充當謂語中心語的動詞“有”,其語法作用主要體現在主觀突顯復數性特征、觸發預設等非真值語義方面。“有”的這一用法是從表“領有”義、“企及”義逐漸發展而來的。
This paper centers on the "V-le+have+Num+Cl+(NP)" sequence in spoken Mandarin Chinese. On the basis of a thorough investigation, it is revealed that you "have" contained in this expression is both syntactically and semantically different from the verb have which is used as the head of the predicate; rather, have here functions to subjectively emphasize plurality and trigger certain presupposition that is associated with non-truth-value semantics. It is further proposed that such a grammatical function of have is derived from the "possessive" and "up to" meaning exhibited by you. Copyright © 2012 延邊大學.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)104-112
Journal漢語學習
Volume2012
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Citation

金晶(2012):“V了+有+數量短語+(NP)”中“有”的用法特點,《漢語學習》,2012(3),頁104-112。

Keywords

  • Alt. title: On the usage of "have" in the "V-Le+Have+Num+Cl+(NP)"
  • “有”
  • 復數性
  • 語法功能
  • Have
  • Plurality
  • Grammatical function