Using theory of mind to teach children with Autism in Hong Kong

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The features of individuals with autism can be summarized into three kinds of impairments, i.e., communicative, language and imaginative impairments (Wing, 2001). Baron-Cohen, Leslie and Frith (1985) tried to use Theory of Mind (ToM) to explain the performance of individuals with autism in this triad of impairments. Theory of Mind is a theory in cognitive psychology which says that the impairment of social interactions of individuals with autism is mainly caused by an inability to visualize other people’s mental states and behaviour. In the present study, ToM was used to teach a group of 19 children with autism to acquire the knowledge in the domains of emotion, belief and pretend play. Their age ranged from 7 to 16. Significant improvement in the training areas was observed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2006



Ho, F. C. (2006, May). Using theory of mind to teach children with Autism in Hong Kong. Paper presented at the Educational Research Association of Singapore Conference 2006: Diversity for Excellence: Engaged Pedagogy, Singapore.


  • Technical and Special Education
  • Theory and Practice of Teaching and Learning