Unlocking the power of ChatGPT: A framework for applying generative AI in education

Jiahong SU, Weipeng YANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots, such as ChatGPT and GPT-4, developed by OpenAI, have the potential to revolutionize education. This study explores the potential benefits and challenges of using ChatGPT in education (or “educative AI”). 

Design/Approach/Methods: This paper proposes a theoretical framework called “IDEE” for educative AI such as using ChatGPT and other generative AI in education, which includes identifying the desired outcomes, determining the appropriate level of automation, ensuring ethical considerations, and evaluating effectiveness. 

Findings: The benefits of using ChatGPT in education or more generally, educative AI, include a more personalized and efficient learning experience for students as well as easier and faster feedback for teachers. However, challenges such as the untested effectiveness of the technology, limitations in the quality of data, and ethical and safety concerns must also be considered. 

Originality/Value: This study explored the opportunities and challenges of using ChatGPT in education within the proposed theoretical framework. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-366
JournalECNU Review of Education
Volume6
Issue number3
Early online dateApr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Citation

Su, J., & Yang, W. (2023). Unlocking the power of ChatGPT: A framework for applying generative AI in education. ECNU Review of Education, 6(3), 355-366. https://doi.org/10.1177/20965311231168423

Keywords

  • ChatGPT
  • Educative AI
  • Generative AI
  • GPT-4
  • IDEE framework

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