Understanding the microstructure and macrostructure of passages among Chinese elementary school children

Lap-Yan LO, Connie Suk-Han HO, Yau-Kai WONG, David Wai-ock CHAN, Kevin Kien Hoa CHUNG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the microstructure and macrostructure of passages is important for reading comprehension. What cognitive-linguistic skills may contribute to understanding these two levels of structures has rarely been investigated. The present study examined whether some word-level and text-level cognitive-linguistic skills may contribute differently to the understanding of microstructure and macrostructure respectively. Seventy-nine Chinese elementary school children were tested on some cognitive-linguistic skills and literacy skills. It was found that word reading fluency and syntactic skills predicted significantly the understanding of microstructure of passages after controlling for age and IQ; while morphological awareness, syntactic skills, and discourse skills contributed significantly to understanding of macrostructure. These findings suggest that syntactic skills facilitate children’s access of meaning from grammatical structures, which is a fundamental process in gaining text meaning at any level of reading comprehension. Discourse skills also allow readers to understand the cohesive interlinks within and between sentences and is important for a macro level of passage understanding. Copyright © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1287-1300
JournalJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
Volume45
Issue number6
Early online dateNov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Citation

Lo, L.-y., Ho, C. S.-h., Wong, Y.-k., Chan, D. W.-o., & Chung, K. K.-h. (2016). Understanding the microstructure and macrostructure of passages among Chinese elementary school children. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 45(6), 1287-1300.

Keywords

  • Microstructure
  • Reading comprehension
  • Syntactic skills
  • Discourse skills
  • Macrostructure

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