In recent years, the concept of metacognition has been attracting growing attention, and considerable efforts have been made in researching metacognitive strategies in language learning and reading. Previous research mostly focused on tertiary level students, with very few studies involving junior secondary school students who are still in the developmental process of L1 and L2 reading. This study investigates the self-reported use of metacognitive strategies by Chinese EFL junior secondary school students when reading English and Chinese texts respectively. The relationship between the pupils’ reading proﬁciency and their use of metacognitive strategies in both L1 and L2 reading is also examined. The study also explores the impact of Chinese reading strategies on English reading. A mixed-methods approach is adopted in this study. First, a total of 272 students were classiﬁed into high, intermediate and low proﬁciency groups; they then responded to two Likert-type questionnaires — the Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) and the Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory (MARSI) which measured use of reading strategies and metacognitive awareness when reading English and Chinese texts respectively. Second, 12 of these pupils were selected to participate in stimulated recall and then semi-structured interviews, with a view to tapping the actual reading strategies students employed when reading English texts as well as obtaining insights into the similarities and differences in strategy use in their reading process. The quantitative results indicate that participants’ English and Chinese language proﬁciency had an impact on their use of metacognitive strategies. The metacognitive strategies reported being used by the three levels of English and Chinese proﬁciency groups were signiﬁcantly different from each other. More proﬁcient readers use more metacognitive strategies than less proﬁcient readers. Moreover, the metacognitive strategies used in reading English are generally consistent with those involved in reading Chinese. In other words, the participants used very similar metacognitive strategies in both L1 and L2 reading. This suggests that Chinese reading strategies can be transferred to English reading at junior secondary school level. The qualitative results suggest that the participants at different proﬁciency levels were all aware of metacognitive strategies when engaged in English reading. When encountering challenges in reading comprehension, students of the three proﬁciency levels all employed metacognitive strategies using varied selections of strategies. These differences suggest that high proﬁciency readers are more concerned with obtaining the overall meaning of the texts. In addition, the results reveal that some important factors such as L1 reading strategies, vocabulary, motivation, teachers and parents may have an inﬂuence on EFL junior secondary school students’ English learning and reading. Finally, a number of pedagogical implications for students and teachers to improve metacognitive strategies in reading are raised. It is recommended that EFL teachers should help their students become more strategic and effective readers. Recommendations for further research include using multiple instruments to explore the students’ metacognitive strategy use in reading, such as the researcher’s observations, teachers’ evaluation and students’ reﬂecting journals. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
- English language -- Study and teaching (Secondary)
- Chinese language -- Study and teaching (Secondary)
- Reading (Secondary)
- Theses and Dissertations
- Thesis (Ed.D.)--The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 2013