Trends, research issues and applications of artificial intelligence in language education

Xinyi HUANG, Di ZOU, Kwok Shing CHENG, Xieling CHEN, Haoran XIE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


Artificial Intelligence (AI) plays an increasingly important role in language education; however, the trends, research issues, and applications of AI in language learning remain largely under-investigated. Accordingly, the present paper, using bibliometric analysis, investigates these issues via a review of 516 papers published between 2000 and 2019, focusing on how AI was integrated into language education. Findings revealed that the frequency of studies on AI-enhanced language education increased over the period. The USA and Arizona State University were the most active country and institution, respectively. The 10 most popular topics were: (1) automated writing evaluation; (2) intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) for reading and writing; (3) automated error detection; (4) computer-mediated communication; (5) personalized systems for language learning; (6) natural language and vocabulary learning; (7) web resources and web-based systems for language learning; (8) ITS for writing in English for specific purposes; (9) intelligent tutoring and assessment systems for pronunciation and speech training; and (10) affective states and emotions. The results also indicated that AI was frequently used to assist students in learning writing, reading, vocabulary, grammar, speaking, and listening. Natural language processing, automated speech recognition, and learner profiling were commonly applied to develop automated writing evaluation, personalized learning, and intelligent tutoring systems. Copyright © 2023 International Forum of Educational Technology & Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-131
JournalEducational Technology & Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Huang, X., Zou, D., Cheng, G., Chen, X., & Xie, H. (2023). Trends, research issues and applications of artificial intelligence in language education. Educational Technology & Society, 26(1), 112-131.


  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Language education
  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Automated writing evaluation
  • Intelligent Tutoring System
  • PG student publication


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