Transition to adulthood: Relationships among psychosocial correlates, stages of change for physical activity, and health outcomes in a cross-cultural sample

Yanping DUAN, Walter BREHM, Petra R. WAGNER, Pak Kwong CHUNG, Sebastian GRAF, Ru ZHANG, Gangyan SI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A successful transition from late adolescence to adulthood is essential. Physical activity (PA) can support this process and lead to positive health outcomes. The change in PA from inactive to active stages is influenced by psychosocial correlates, and as such, this study tested the relationships among psychosocial correlates, stages of change for PA and health outcomes in university students from Hong Kong (n = 404) and Germany (n = 366). Methods: The questionnaire contained (1) PA and stages of change; (2) 10 psychosocial correlates including outcome expectations, affective attitude, barriers, self-efficacy, body-concept, plans, intrinsic motivation, activity emotions, assessment of activity situation, and social support; and (3) 5 health outcomes, including fitness, subjective well-being, health satisfaction, physical complaints, and BMI. Results: Barriers and intrinsic motivation were the critical psychosocial variables related to stages of change. Specific planning was more important for Hong Kong students' stage progression within inactive stages. Competitive or enjoyable PA programs were more effective for male students moving from inactive to active stages. The link between stages of change for PA and health outcomes (ie, fitness, health satisfaction) was well established. Conclusion: Public health researchers should conduct effective psychosocial interventions that motivate young adults to engage in PA for positive health outcomes. Copyright © 2015 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1461-1468
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

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Exercise
Health
Hong Kong
Students
Motivation
Self Efficacy
Social Support
Germany
Young Adult
Emotions
Public Health
Research Personnel

Citation

Duan, Y., Brehm, W., Wagner, P., Chung, P.-K., Graf, S., Zhang, R., et al. (2015). Transition to adulthood: Relationships among psychosocial correlates, stages of change for physical activity, and health outcomes in a cross-cultural sample. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 12(11), 1461-1468.

Keywords

  • Exercise psychology
  • Health promotion
  • Public health
  • Youth