The adaptation of marine organisms to the impending challenges presented by ocean acidification (OA) is essential for their future survival, and mechanisms underlying OA adaptation have been reported in several marine organisms. In the natural environment, however, marine organisms are often exposed to a combination of environmental stressors, and the interactions between adaptive responses have yet to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the susceptibility of filter-feeding rotifers to short-term (ST) and long-term (LT) (≥180generations) high CO₂ conditions coupled with nanoplastic (NPs)exposure (ST+ and LT+). Adaptation of rotifers to elevated CO₂ caused differences in ingestion and accumulation of NPs, resulting in a significantly different mode of action on in vivo endpoints between the ST+ and LT+ groups. Moreover, microRNA-mediated epigenetic regulation was strongly correlated with the varied adaptive responses between the ST+ and LT+ groups, revealing novel regulatory targets and pathways. Our results indicate that pre-exposure history to increased CO₂ levels is an important factor in the susceptibility of rotifers to NPs. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationKim, M.-S., Lee, Y. H., Lee, Y., Byeon, E., Kim, D.-H., Wang, M., Hagiwara, A., Aranda, M., Wu, R. S. S., Park, H. G., & Lee, J.-S. (2024). Transgenerational adaptation to ocean acidification determines the susceptibility of filter-feeding rotifers to nanoplastics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 461, Article 132593. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.132593
- Transgenerational adaptation
- Ocean acidification