In this study, the transformation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in nanofiltration concentrated leachate during three ozone-based oxidation processes (i.e., O₃, O₃/H₂O₂ and O₃/UV) was investigated. The transformation characteristics of DOM were evaluated by gel filtration chromatography (GFC), XAD-8 resin fractionation, excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy (EEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Compared with O₃-alone process, the removal efficiencies of COD, TOC, and color were improved in O₃-combined processes (i.e., O₃/H₂O₂ and O₃/UV) approximately by 10–15%, 7–15%, and 15–20%, respectively. Humic acid (HA) was completely degraded and preferentially reacted with the oxidants during ozonation processes. HA was first converted into fulvic acid (FA), and then the majority of these intermediates were further converted to hydrophilic fraction (HyI). The GFC results indicated that the broader molecular weight distribution of DOM was observed, and high molecular weight DOM (i.e., 0.45 μm–100 kDa) was successfully converted to low molecular weight organics in the range of 1–10 kDa after ozonation reactions. The EEM spectra also showed that HA and FA were effectively converted into HyI after ozonation for 90 min. It is suggested that ozone-based oxidation processes could effectively change the DOM distribution and fluorescence features of concentrated leachate. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationWang, H.-w., Li, X.-y., Hao, Z.-p., Sun, Y.-j., Wang, Y.-n., Li, W.-h., et al. (2017). Transformation of dissolved organic matter in concentrated leachate from nanofiltration during ozone-based oxidation processes (O₃, O₃/H₂O₂ and O₃/UV). Journal of Environmental Management, 191, 244-251.
- Dissolved organic matter
- Concentrated leachate