Trait and state: Interoceptive accuracy during anticipation of public speaking in junior secondary shy students from an eastern province of China

Jianfen WU, Hui LI, Yunpeng WU

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the interoceptive accuracy (IAc) of shy adolescents during anticipation of public speaking with a 2 × 2 factorial design. Altogether, 637 junior secondary students in an eastern province of China were sampled and screened with the Chinese version of Cheek and Buss shyness scale. The top 27% of students were considered the shy group (n = 30, 16 girls, Mage = 13.03, SD = 0.67), whereas the bottom 27% were labelled the non-shy group (n = 31, 16 girls, Mage = 13.16, SD = 0.86). The two groups of participants estimated their heart rates during specified intervals using a mental tracking paradigm in two conditions (baseline vs. anticipation), while their actual heart rates were simultaneously measured. The results indicated that: (1) the shy adolescents were more accurate in estimating their actual heart rate than non-shy adolescents; and (2) both shy and non-shy adolescents exhibit enhanced IAc in anticipation conditions when compared with baseline conditions. Implications of the higher IAc of shy adolescents and the state feature of IAc are discussed. Copyright © 2021 by the authors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4951
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Citation

Wu, J., Li, H., & Wu, Y. (2021). Trait and state: Interoceptive accuracy during anticipation of public speaking in junior secondary shy students from an eastern province of China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), Article 4951. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094951

Keywords

  • Interoceptive accuracy
  • Shyness
  • Adolescents
  • Public speaking
  • Heartbeat perception

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