Toward a hierarchical goal theory model of school motivation

Dennis Michael MCINERNEY, Herbert W. MARSH, See Shing YEUNG

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51 Citations (Scopus)


Instead of concentrating on mastery and performance goal orientations, recent research on school motivation has suggested a multidimensional structure of achievement goal orientations. Students in Australian high schools (N=774) responded to 35 survey items on 10 goal orientation constructs (effort, task, sense of purpose, praise, competition, power, token, social concern, social dependence, and affiliation) and 14 items on general mastery, general performance, general social, and global motivation constructs. Confirmatory factor analysis results supported a hierarchical, multidimensional school motivation construct. The hierarchical, multidimensional model has provided a strong theoretical structure for further school motivation research. Copyright © 2003 Journal of Applied Measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-357
JournalJournal of Applied Measurement
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


McInerney, D. M., Marsh, H. W., & Yeung, A. S. (2003). Toward a hierarchical goal theory model of school motivation. Journal of Applied Measurement, 4(4), 335-357.


  • Alt. title: 邁向一個學校動機的分層目標理論模型


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