‘Tiger mom, panda dad’: A study of contemporary Chinese parenting profiles

Sha XIE, Hui LI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of this study was to explore the inter-parental differences and the major clusters of Chinese parenting profile in a sample of preschoolers’ fathers and mothers in urban China. Eighty-six Chinese couples in Shenzhen completed a parenting style questionnaire, and four couples were interviewed to provide additional illumination. A paired t-test was used to find inter-parental differences and cluster analysis was used to find major clusters of parenting profiles. Mothers were more authoritarian than fathers. Three major clusters of parenting profiles were found: easy-going parenting, followed by tiger parenting and supportive parenting. Inter-parental differences existed among these couples, and ‘tiger moms’ and ‘panda dads’ were common in these Chinese families. Copyright © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-300
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Issue number2
Early online dateApr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2019


Xie, S., & Li, H. (2019). ‘Tiger mom, panda dad’: A study of contemporary Chinese parenting profiles. Early Child Development and Care, 189(2), 284-300. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2017.1318870


  • Parenting profile
  • Maternal parenting
  • Paternal parenting
  • Chinese parenting
  • Co-parenting differences


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