Thinking styles of university deaf or hard of hearing students and hearing students

Sanyin CHENG, Xiaozhong HU, Kuen Fung SIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Background and aims: Although their university enrollment has increased dramatically over the past two decades, deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) students face great challenges and a tremendous environmental adjustment when entering a mainstream university. This study aims to facilitate DHH students’ university success through exploring differences in thinking styles between DHH and hearing students from Art and Design academic disciplines in two universities in China.
Methods and procedures: The Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II (TSI-R2) and its accommodated version were administered to 286 hearing and 256 DHH students, respectively. A demographic sheet was administered to all 542 participants.
Outcomes and results: Results show that DHH students tended to score significantly lower on Type I thinking styles (legislative and global), Type II executive style, and Type III external style than hearing students. In addition, differences in Type I styles (liberal and hierarchical) and Type II executive style between DHH and hearing students were significantly influenced by institution.
Conclusions and implications: The present research indicates that DHH and hearing students have significant differences in their thinking styles. This yields implications for the higher education of DHH students, and for deaf schools preparing DHH students for university entry. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-387
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Early online date25 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016


Cheng, S., Hu, X., & Sin, K. F. (2016). Thinking styles of university deaf or hard of hearing students and hearing students. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 55, 377-387. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2016.04.004


  • Thinking styles
  • University student
  • Deaf or hard of hearing


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