Thermo-chemical processes for the sustainable utilization of oil-bearing biomass: A case study on apricot seed valorization

Dongho CHOI, Minyoung KIM, Jee Young KIM, Yiu Fai TSANG, Sanghyun JEONG, Eilhann E. KWON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the thermochemical processing of defatted residue to achieve zero-waste utilization of oil-bearing biomass using apricot seed as the model compound. Defatted apricot seeds (DAS) obtained after oil extraction from apricot seed were valorized through pyrolysis platform, focusing on enhancing sustainability using CO₂ as the reaction medium. The results showed that CO₂ plays a crucial role in the pyrolysis process, leading to an enhanced CO formation through homogeneous reaction between CO₂ and volatile matters stemming from DAS. Specifically, CO₂ oxidized volatile matters while simultaneously reducing to CO and influenced the morphological properties of DAS biochars (DASBs), leading the development of pores with sizes of less than 16 nm and exceeding 50 nm. The larger pore size of DASBs fabricated under N₂ and CO₂, compared to 2 nm (the molecular size of triglycerides), makes them suitable as porous materials for thermally induced transesterification. The presence of alkaline metals in DASBs expedited thermally induced transesterification. At ≤ 330 °C, DASB fabricated under CO₂ condition exhibited faster reaction kinetics than under N₂ condition. This suggests that the use of CO₂ in the fabrication of DASB results in favorable surface properties conducive to the thermally induced transesterification of apricot oil. Copyright © 2024 Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131897
JournalEnergy
Volume302
Early online dateMay 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - May 2024

Citation

Choi, D., Kim, M., Kim, J. Y., Tsang, Y. F., Jeong, S., & Kwon, E. E. (2024). Thermo-chemical processes for the sustainable utilization of oil-bearing biomass: A case study on apricot seed valorization. Energy, 302, Article 131897. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2024.131897

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