Theoretical modeling of spectroscopic properties of Ni²⁺ ions in Haldane gap systems: Case study: Y₂BaNiO₅


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Modeling of spin Hamiltonian parameters enables correlation of crystallographic, spectroscopic, and magnetic data for transition ions in crystals. As a case study we consider Ni²⁺(3d⁸) ions in the Haldane gap system Y₂BaNiO₅. In the first stage, using the crystallographic data and the point-charge model (PCM) the crystal field parameters (CFPs) are estimated for Ni²⁺ in Y₂BaNiO₅. The CFPs serve as input for the high-order perturbation theory microscopic spin Hamiltonian expressions for the zero-field splitting parameters (ZFSPs) D and E. In the second stage, the superposition model (SPM) analysis of CFPs as well as ZFSPs is carried out using the SPM expressions derived by us for the pertinent geometry around the orthorhombic and axial sites in various Haldane gap materials. In the third stage, the SPM-derived CFP sets are used as input for the crystal field analysis package CFA/MSH to obtain more accurate of MSH modeling of ZFSPs. An extensive literature search is ongoing to extract: (i) crystallographic data as input for SPM calculations, (ii) experimental ZFSPs for Ni²⁺ ions in the Haldane gap materials, and (iii) model parameters to serve as input for SPM/CFP and SPM/ZFSP calculations. The data obtained by various techniques are systematically categorized to enable their meaningful analysis and comparison. The aims of this project are: (i) to verify the experimental results on the single ion anisotropy, (ii) to provide deeper understanding of the nature of the Haldane gap, (iii) to explain or disprove the observed maximal orthorhombic distortion (|λ| = |E/D| = 1/3, see, e.g. [2,3]. Important preliminary finding indicate that the project’s results may lead to reanalysis of earlier magnetic studies and basic concepts as well as novel ideas on the nature of the Haldane gap in YBNO, NENP and related systems.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2012



Rudowicz, C., Gnutek, P., Kimura, S., Açikgöz, M., & Yeung, Y. Y. (2012, October). Theoretical modeling of spectroscopic properties of Ni²⁺ ions in Haldane gap systems: Case study: Y₂BaNiO₅. Paper presented at the 8th Asia-Pacific EPR/ESR Symposium (APES 2012), Beijing, China.