The use of muscle burden in rabbitfish Siganus oramin for monitoring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong and potential human health risk

James K. H. FANG, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU, Gene J. ZHENG, Doris W. T. AU, Paul K. S. LAM, Paul K. S. SHIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Muscle concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in rabbitfish Siganus oramin collected from Victoria Harbour and its vicinity, Hong Kong from 2004 to 2007. Spatially, relatively higher levels of ∑PAH (1.05-4.26 μg g⁻¹) and ∑PCB (45.1-76.9 ng g⁻¹) were determined in the central and western sites inside the harbour. Temporally, upward trend of ∑PAH, accompanied with a proportion shift from high molecular weight to low molecular weight PAHs, was detected during the three-year study period, suggesting a heavier marine traffic in Victoria Harbour and its western region. However, human health risk assessment based on five individual PAHs indicated that PAHs in fish muscles posed minimal health risk through consumption. In contrast, a downward trend of ∑PCB was registered as the open use of PCBs has been banned. Despite this, the level of ∑PCB in fish muscles still posed a health risk on the local people who have a high fish consumption rate. While seasonal influences on ∑PAH/∑PCB accumulation in S. oramin seemed to be negligible, our findings in S. oramin were in line with the established PAH and PCB levels in sediments and/or mussels from the harbour, suggesting S. oramin can be used as a model fish species for monitoring PAHs and PCBs in the region. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4327-4332
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume407
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2009

Citation

Fang, J. K. H., Wu, R. S. S., Zheng, G. J., Au, D. W. T., Lam, P. K. S., & Shin, P. K. S. (2009). The use of muscle burden in rabbitfish Siganus oramin for monitoring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong and potential human health risk. Science of The Total Environment, 407(14), 4327-4332. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.03.033

Keywords

  • Persistent organic pollutants
  • Siganus oramin
  • Pollution monitoring
  • Southeast Asia

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