The toxic effects of hydrocarbons upon the naupliar and adult stages of Balanus (Crustacea: Cirripedia)

Brian MORTON, Shiu Sun Rudolf WU

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Abstract

The effect of kerosene and BP 1002 upon the naupliar and adult stages of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite and Balanus variegatus variegatus has been studied. The percentage non-motility and actual mortality of the naupliar larvae and the adults of both species has been generally shown to be a function of the dosage and treatment time of these two hydrocarbons. Both barnacles (nauplii and adults) have a similar susceptibility to the hydrocarbons tested, the nauplii being killed at lower concentrations than the adults. Cirral activity of the adults was significantly reduced when the barnacles were treated with 10 and 100 ppm BP 1002. Preliminary experiments have also been performed to compare the toxicity of BP 1002 and kerosene with that of 'Bukomkleen' and 'Chemkleen'. It was found that BP 1002 was the most toxic to these barnacles with a lower and similar toxicity found for Chemkleen and Bukomkleen. The toxicity of kerosene is comparatively low. Copyright © 1977 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-236
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1977

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Balanus
Kerosene
Cirripedia
Toxicity
hydrocarbons
kerosene
Crustacea
Hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon
toxicity
nauplii
Balanus amphitrite
toxic effect
larva
mortality
Experiments
larvae
dosage
experiment

Citation

Morton, B., & Wu, R. S. S. (1977). The toxic effects of hydrocarbons upon the naupliar and adult stages of Balanus (Crustacea: Cirripedia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 8(10), 232-236. doi: 10.1016/0025-326X(77)90432-5