The Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R), a 4-item instrument for assessing and screening suicide-related thoughts and behaviors, has been translated into several different languages. In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the SBQ-R and a new Chinese version of the instrument (C-SBQ-R) for college student samples. We used the culture, comprehension, and translation bias (CCT) procedure to examine the responses of independent Chinese college student samples who completed the C-SBQ-R (N₁ = 298) and the SBQ-R (N₂ = 292) and a U.S. college student sample (N₃ = 320) who completed the SBQ-R. We found that the samples’ C-SBQ-R and SBQ-R scale scores showed acceptable internal consistency reliability estimates, factor structures, and concurrent validity estimates. Measurement invariance was established across groups differing in (a) language but not culture, (b) culture but not language, and (c) both language and culture. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis results showed that the cutoff score of 7 was similar for both the C-SBQ-R and the SBQ-R in screening for suicide-related thoughts and behaviors. Our findings provided empirical support that the psychometric properties of the C-SBQ-R and the SBQ-R are similar; both could be used to assess the suicide-related thoughts and behaviors constructs. Copyright © 2022 American Psychological Association.
CitationHuen, J. M. Y., Yip, P. S. F., Osman, A., & Leung, A. N. M. (2022). The Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) and its Chinese version (C-SBQ-R): Further validity testing using the culture, comprehension, and translation bias procedure. Psychological Assessment, 34(7), 704-710. doi: 10.1037/pas0001134
- Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised
- Chinese version
- CCT procedure
- Suicide-related thoughts and behaviors