The social underpinnings of motivation and achievement: Investigating the role of parents, teachers, and peers on academic outcomes

Ronnel Bornasal KING, Fraide A. GANOTICE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-quality social relationships are important for students’ academic motivation and achievement. However, the specific pathways through which social relationships influence motivation, learning, and achievement are still unclear. Guided by Anderman’s (in: Urdan (ed.), Advances in motivation and achievement, vol. 11: the role of contextual influences on motivation, 1999) social–motivational model, this study tested a conceptual model positing perceived social support from parents, teachers, and peers as predictors of various types of achievement goals (mastery, performance, work avoidance, and social). Goals, in turn, were posited to influence the use of self-regulated learning strategies and subsequent academic achievement. These hypothesized relationships were tested in one path analytic model with a sample of Filipino secondary students (n = 1,026). Results showed that social support from parents, teachers, and peers positively predicted adaptive types of goals. Parent support was negatively associated with a work avoidance goal. Self-regulation positively predicted subsequent academic achievement. Taken together, the findings evinced the relevance of social relationships on academic outcomes. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. Copyright © 2013 De La Salle University.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-756
JournalThe Asia-Pacific Education Researcher
Volume23
Issue number3
Early online dateNov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Citation

King, R. B., & Ganotice, F. A. (2014). The social underpinnings of motivation and achievement: Investigating the role of parents, teachers, and peers on academic outcomes. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 23(3), 745-756.

Keywords

  • Social relationships
  • Achievement goals
  • Work avoidance
  • Social goals
  • Academic achievement

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