The social context of Hong Kong's booming elderly home industry

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Hong Kong experienced a rapid increase in private homes for elderly people in recent years. This paper examines the social background of that development. Private elderly homes thrived in a context of rising demand due to changing demographics, particularly massive emigration secondary to political instability, which created a large potential market of elderly people in need of residential care. However, entrepreneurs would not be attracted unless it is a profitable business, and much of that profit is likely derived from social security payments to elderly people. Because the amount of social security benefits is way below the level required for purchasing good quality service in the private sector, many elderly people are bound to live in very poor residential settings. Copyright © 1993 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-467
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993


Cheng, S.-T. (1993). The social context of Hong Kong's booming elderly home industry. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21(4), 449-467. doi: 10.1007/BF00942152


  • Homes for the elderly
  • Residential care
  • Social security
  • Emigration


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