The roles of various attention on temporal processing deficits in Chinese children with and without dyslexia

Li-Chih WANG, Hsien-Ming YANG

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This study aimed to examine how various attention influences the roles of temporal processing to reading-related abilities and reading in Chinese children with and without dyslexia. A total of two research aims were addressed. Firstly, to examine the association of attention, temporal processing, reading-related abilities, and reading. Secondly, to compare the attention, temporal processing, reading-related abilities, and reading of Chinese children with and without dyslexia.
In total, 92 Chinese children from third to sixth grade were recruited from Taiwan. Half of them were identified as having dyslexia, and the other half were typically developing matching by gender, IQ, and ages with the dyslexic group. Each of participants received three attention tasks, two temporal processing tasks, three reading-related abilities tasks, and one reading task.
The results of hierarchical regressions showed that selective attention and switching attention could predict significant to both visual temporal processing and auditory temporal processing, but the significant contribution of sustained attention could only be found in visual temporal processing. Even so, with various attention controlling, our results still revealed the significant contributions of visual temporal processing to orthographic knowledge, rapid naming, and character. But this pattern could not be found in auditory temporal processing.
Also, our results indicated that dyslexic group performed significantly worse on almost all tasks than the typically developing group with large effect sizes but on sustained and switching attention. Finally, with controlling the performance of all attention tasks, the significant worse performance of visual and auditory temporal processing tasks of children with dyslexia than typically developing children remained. Copyright © 2017 Society for the Scientific Study of Reading (SSSR). All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

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Dyslexia
Reading
Aptitude
Taiwan

Citation

Wang, L.-C. & Yang, H.-M. (2017, July). The roles of various attention on temporal processing deficits in Chinese children with and without dyslexia. Poster presented at the Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting Society for the Scientific Study of Reading, Halifax Marriott Harbourfront, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Keywords

  • Dyslexia
  • (Chinese) characters
  • Attention
  • Visual and auditory temporal processing