Although it has been hypothesized in the literature that both human capital and social capital are important for the economic performance of new immigrants, few studies have examined these relationships empirically, especially in understudied populations such as Chinese populations. This study simultaneously examines the roles of human capital and social capital in the economic integration of new arrivals from Mainland China to Hong Kong, using a random sample of immigrants. In the early stage of immigration (less than 6 months after arrival), we find little support for the presumed positive effects of both human capital and social capital on employment status among new arrivals in Hong Kong. Follow-up studies are underway to investigate the dynamic relationship between social capital and economic integration in this group of new arrivals, and whether social capital, especially friendship networks, plays a more important role in the economic integration of new immigrants 1 or 2 years after arrival. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationChou, K.-L., & Chow, N. W. S. (2009). The roles of human capital and social capital in the economic integration of new arrivals from mainland China to Hong Kong. Habitat International, 33(4), 340-346. doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.08.001
- New immigrants
- Economic integration
- Human capital
- Social capital