The roles of executive functioning and oral language skills in young Chinese children's arithmetic competence

Catrina LIU, Sum Kwing CHEUNG, Kevin Kien Hoa CHUNG, Catherine MCBRIDE, Chun Bun Ian LAM, Xiaomin LI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated the relative contributions of executive functioning (EF) and oral language skills to performance on number-fact and story problems in Chinese children. A total of 280 kindergarten children in Hong Kong participated in this study. Children were assessed on their EF, phonological awareness, morphological awareness, receptive vocabulary, performance on number-fact and story problems. Results of path analysis showed that when children's age and parental education were controlled, children's EF, phonological awareness, and morphological awareness were correlates of performance on both number-fact and story problems, whereas receptive vocabulary was not. After further controlling for performance on number-fact problems, morphological awareness was the only variable under investigation that linked to performance on story problems. These findings underscore the importance of taking the development of EF and oral language skills into consideration when guiding children's arithmetic learning. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101810
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Volume77
Early online dateDec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Mental Competency
Language
language
performance
Vocabulary
vocabulary
kindergarten child
path analysis
Hong Kong
Parents
Learning
Education
learning
education

Citation

Liu, C., Cheung, S. K., Chung, K. K. H., McBride, C., Lam, C. B., & Li, X. (2020). The roles of executive functioning and oral language skills in young Chinese children's arithmetic competence. Learning and Individual Differences, 77. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2019.101810

Keywords

  • Executive functioning
  • Oral language skills
  • Number-fact problems
  • Story problems