The radial translocation of cadmium (Cd) from the root to the shoot is one of the major processes affecting Cd accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grains, but few studies have focused on Cd apoplastic transport in rice. The aim of this study was to determine how apoplastic barriers affect Cd translocation via the apoplastic pathway, Cd accumulation levels in upper parts (shoot and grains) of rice cultivars, and the possible mechanism involved. Hydroponic and soil pot trials were conducted to study the development and chemical constituents of apoplastic barriers and their permeability to bypass flow, and to determine Cd localization in the roots of rice cultivars with different Cd-accumulating characteristics. The Cd accumulation in upper parts was positively correlated with bypass flow in the root and the apparent Cd concentration in the xylem, indicating that the apoplastic pathway may play an important role in Cd root-shoot translocation in rice. Apoplastic barriers were deposited closer to the root tip and were thicker in low Cd-accumulating cultivars than in high Cd-accumulating cultivars. The amounts and rates of increase in lignin and suberin were significantly higher in ZD14 (a low Cd-accumulating cultivar) than in FYXZ (a high Cd-accumulating cultivar) under Cd stress, indicating that stronger barriers were induced by Cd in ZD14. The stronger and earlier formation of barriers in the low Cd-accumulating cultivar decreased bypass flow more efficiently, so that more Cd was retained in the root during apoplastic translocation. This was confirmed by localization analyses of Cd in root transverse sections. These results suggest that apoplastic barriers reduce Cd root-to-shoot translocation via the apoplastic pathway, leading to lower Cd accumulation in the upper parts of rice plants. Bypass flow may have the potential to be used as a rapid screening indicator for low Cd-accumulating rice cultivars. Copyright © 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
CitationQi, X., Tam, N. F.-Y., Li, W. C., & Ye, Z. (2020). The role of root apoplastic barriers in cadmium translocation and accumulation in cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.) with different Cd-accumulating characteristics. Environmental Pollution, 264. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114736
- Apoplastic barriers
- Bypass flow
- Cadmium accumulation