The relationship between psychological resources, social resources, and depression: Results from older spousal caregivers in Hong Kong

Oi Wah Esther CHOW, Chun Yip Henry HO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The rapidly ageing population in Hong Kong has led to a major concern in providing care for the elderly. Due to the current social changes in Hong Kong, such as smaller family size, longer life spans, and increasing employment demands, spouses increasingly serve as the primary caregivers for older adults. To explore the mental health of older spousal caregivers, this study investigated the relationships between psychological resources, social resources, and depression.
Method: One hundred fifty-eight spousal caregivers aged 55 and above were recruited from 13 caregiver resource centres in Hong Kong. Data were collected using structured questionnaires.
Results: Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that the number of duties and psychological resources including purpose in life, caregiver burden, and personal wellbeing explained 56% of the variance in depression. Logistic regression analysis further indicated that purpose in life predicted the likelihood of depression reported by caregivers. Social resources did not significantly predict depression.
Conclusion: Results suggest that mental health enhancement programs should be developed for Chinese spousal caregivers with a focus on purpose in life, burden, and personal wellbeing. Copyright © 2012 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1027
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Hong Kong
Caregivers
Depression
Psychology
Mental Health
Regression Analysis
Social Change
Spouses
Logistic Models
Population

Bibliographical note

Chow, E. O. W., & Ho, H. C. Y. (2012). The relationship between psychological resources, social resources, and depression: Results from older spousal caregivers in Hong Kong. Aging and Mental Health, 16(8), 1016-1027. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2012.692769

Keywords

  • Spousal caregivers
  • Depression
  • Psychological resources
  • Social resources
  • Purpose in life