The relationship among media multitasking, academic performance and self-esteem in Chinese adolescents: The cross-lagged panel and mediation analyses

Jiutong LUO, Pui-sze YEUNG, Hui LI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concerns about the negative impact of media multitasking on people's learning and psychological aspects, such as well-being and self-esteem, have increased in the last decade. However, the contradictory findings of previous cross-sectional studies have caused much debate. Methodological improvements are urgently needed to determine whether media multitasking has causal effects. This study used a cross-lagged panel design to explore the relationships between media multitasking, academic performance and self-esteem in a sample of Chinese adolescents. Two waves of data with a six-month interval were collected from 447 Chinese adolescents (40.7% boys, mean age = 15.0). The data were analysed, and the results indicated that media multitasking negatively correlated with academic performance but not self-esteem; the relationship between self-esteem and academic performance was reciprocal; and academic performance may mediate the relationship between media multitasking and self-esteem. The implications of this study were also discussed. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105308
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume117
Early online dateAug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Citation

Luo, J., Yeung, P.-S., & Li, H. (2020). The relationship among media multitasking, academic performance and self-esteem in Chinese adolescents: The cross-lagged panel and mediation analyses. Children and Youth Services Review, 117, Article 105308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105308

Keywords

  • Media multitasking
  • Academic performance
  • Self-esteem
  • Cross-lagged panel design
  • Adolescents

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