Purpose: To analyze the prognostic factors of lung cancer with brain metastases (BM) and evaluate the role of cranial irradiation on survival. Methods and materials: From 1987 to 1994, 159 lung cancer patients with CT scan documented BM were reviewed. All of them underwent cranial irradiation (median radiation dose: 30 Gy). Chemotherapy and surgery of BM were performed in 21 and 10 cases, respectively. Results: Overall median survival was 3.5 months and one year survival rate was 10.69%. Univariate analysis showed that the significant factors were performance status, age, total radiation dose to brain, BM as the first metastasis, neurosurgery, symptoms of urine/stool incontinence, and synchronous BM. Multivariate analysis indicated that (1) performance status (p = 0.0002), (2) total radiation dose (p = 0.0032), (3) BM as the first metastasis (p = 0.0449), (4) neurosurgery (p = 0.0233), (5) symptoms of urine/stool incontinence (p = 0.0002), and (6) the presence of a midline shift on cranial CT scans (p = 0.0063) were significant prognostic factors. Conclusion: The prognosis of BM in lung cancer patients is extremely poor. Radiotherapy appears as an effective means of palliation with 75% overall symptomatic response rate. Higher radiation dose (≤ 30 Gy) and neurosurgery are associated with longer survival. Good performance status, BM as the first metastasis, absence of sphincter dysfunction, and midline shift on CT scans are favorable prognostic predictors. The role of midline shift is very interesting and needs to be explored further. Copyright © 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
CitationHsiung, C.-Y., Leung, S. W., Wang, C.-J., Lo, S.-K., Chen, H.-C., Sun, L.-M., & Fang, F.-M. (1998). The prognostic factors of lung cancer patients with brain metastases treated with radiotherapy. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 36(1), 71-77. doi: 10.1023/A:1005775029983
- Lung cancer
- Brain metastases
- Prognostic factors