The post-Mao gazes: Chinese backpackers in Macau

Chin-Ee ONG, Hilary Louise DU CROS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

131 Citations (Scopus)


This paper offers insights into backpacker tourism from the People’s Republic of China. Chinese backpackers are a distinctively post-Mao reform generation growing up at a time when China shifts from Mao Zedong’s socialist policies to Deng Xiaoping’s policy explorations with capitalism. Through distanced virtual ethnography of a leading internet forum, it has been discovered that the forum members’ post-Mao backpacker gazes appropriate the postcolonial spaces of Macau in ways that contradict existing backpacker ideals and media and academic portrayal and stereotyping of Chinese youths, particularly concerning gender role adoption and the exoticising of postcolonial leisurescape. Backpacking in Macau also reveals the communal and differentiated nature of the tourist gaze and Chinese mobilities. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)735-754
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


Ong, C.-E., & Du Cros, H. (2012). The post-Mao gazes: Chinese backpackers in Macau. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 735-754.


  • Gaze
  • Cybercommunities
  • Post-Mao China
  • Backpacking
  • China outbound tourism


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