The nonignorable missing examinee-selected items model

Chen Wei LIU, Wen Chung WANG

Research output: Contribution to conferencePapers


In examinee-selected-item (ESI) design, examinees are requested to select a fixed number of items from a given set of items to respond. This design may enhance students’ learning motivation and reduce students’ testing anxiety. However, responses to not-selected items are often (if not always) missing not at random (MNAR). In this study, we proposed non-ignorable missing examinee-selected item model (NMESIM) that directly quantifies the non-ignorability. The parameter recovery and the consequences of model misspecification were evaluated using simulations. An empirical example was given to demonstrate the implication and applications of the NMESIM. Given these promising results, we are confident to recommend the NMESIM for the analysis of examinee-selected items, such that the attractions of the ESI design can be maintained.


Conference2014 Annual Meeting of American Educational Research Association: "The Power of Education Research for Innovation in Practice and Policy"
Abbreviated titleAERA 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Internet address


Liu, C.-W., & Wang, W.-C. (2014, April). The nonignorable missing examinee-selected items model. Paper presented at the 2014 AERA Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


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