In this article, we explore the evolution of neoliberal development theory and practice, its manifestations and impact on the political economy of the state, domestic classes, and the material conditions of populations in emerging economies. Speciﬁcally, the article focuses on the modes of resistance to the rollout of neoliberal development practice by citizens, civil society, and NGOs, and, in turn, the responses of international ﬁnancial institutions such as the World Bank-a process that we argue has forced the reinvention and transformation of neoliberal development policy. Furthermore, we attempt to situate the evolution of neoliberal development policy and the changing modes of resistance to it within a theoretical framework that explains emergent class and material interests in the context of the increasing functionality of pro-market agendas to modes of accumulation that beneﬁt discrete elite and class interests but which also generate substantial and ongoing contradictions. Copyright © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
|Title of host publication||Markets and development: Civil society, citizens and the politics of neoliberalism|
|Editors||Toby CARROLL, Darryl JARVIS|
|Place of Publication||London|
|ISBN (Print)||9781138952737, 9781138299702|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|