This study implements a scale purification procedure onto the standard MIMIC method for differential item functioning (DIF) detection and assesses its performance through a series of simulations. It is found that the MIMIC method with scale purification (denoted as M-SP) outperforms the standard MIMIC method (denoted as M-ST) in controlling false-positive rates and yielding higher true-positive rates. Only when the DIF pattern is balanced between groups or when there is a small percentage of DIF items in the test does M-ST perform as appropriately as M-SP. Moreover, both methods yield a higher true-positive rate under the two-parameter logistic model than under the three-parameter model. M-SP is preferable to M-ST, because DIF patterns in real tests are unlikely to be perfectly balanced and the percentages of DIF items may not be small. Copyright © 2009 Sage Publications.
CitationWang, W.-C., Shih, C.-L., & Yang, C.-C. (2009). The MIMIC method with scale purification for detecting differential item functioning. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 69(5), 713-731.
- Differential item functioning
- Scale purification
- Item response theory
- Confirmatory factor analysis