The medium of instruction and classroom interaction: Evidence from Hong Kong secondary schools

Yuen Yi LO, Ernesto MACARO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Teacher–student interaction in classrooms is perceived to be crucial for learning. Previous research has compared the interaction in classrooms where a second language is used as the medium of instruction (MoI) with those where the mother tongue is used. This has been done mainly via qualitative impressions. The current study adopted a mixed method design to examine objectively and comprehensively the classroom interaction in a sample of Hong Kong secondary schools that used Chinese as the MoI from Grade 7 to 9, but then switched to English from Grade 10 onwards (i.e. MoI-switching schools). By doing so, this study aimed to identify the possible effect of a change in the MoI on classroom interaction and its potential for learning. Sixty lessons were observed in Grade 9 and 10 in three MoI-switching schools and compared to two schools where English was used throughout all the grades. The results show that, when the MoI changed from students’ first to second language, lessons tended to become more teacher-centred and there were fewer opportunities for negotiation of meaning and scaffolding. These findings have significant implications for the relationship between the MoI and classroom interaction and provide important insights into pedagogy and teacher development. Copyright © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-52
JournalInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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Hong Kong
secondary school
instruction
classroom
interaction
evidence
school grade
school
mother tongue
teacher
language
Classroom Interaction
Medium of Instruction
Secondary School
learning
Group
student

Citation

Lo, Y. Y., & Macaro, E. (2012). The medium of instruction and classroom interaction: Evidence from Hong Kong secondary schools. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 15(1), 29-52.

Keywords

  • Classroom interaction
  • Medium of instruction
  • Immersion programme
  • Hong Kong