Purpose: For people with schizophrenia living in the community and receiving outpatient care, the issues of stigma and discrimination and dearth of recovery-oriented services remain barriers to recovery and community integration. The experience of self-stigma and unmet recovery needs can occur regardless of symptom status or disease process, reducing life satisfaction and disrupting overall well-being. The present study examined the mediating role of self-stigma and unmet needs in the relationship between psychiatric symptom severity and subjective quality of life. Methods: Structural equation modeling and mediation analyses were conducted based on a community sample of 400 mental health consumers with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in Hong Kong. Results: The model of self-stigma and unmet needs as mediators between symptom severity and subjective quality of life had good fit to the data (GFI = .93, CFI = .93, NNFI = .92, RMSEA = .06, χ²/df ratio = 2.62). A higher level of symptom severity was significantly associated with increased self-stigma (R² = .24) and a greater number of unmet needs (R² = .53). Self-stigma and unmet needs were in turn negatively related to subjective quality of life (R² = .45). Conclusions: It is essential that service providers and administrators make greater efforts to eliminate or reduce self-stigma and unmet recovery needs, which are associated with the betterment of the overall quality of life and long-term recovery. Both incorporating empowerment and advocacy-based interventions into recovery-oriented services and providing community-based, person-centered services to people based on personally defined needs are important directions for future recovery-oriented efforts. Copyright © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
CitationChan, K. K. S., & Mak, W. W. S. (2014). The mediating role of self-stigma and unmet needs on the recovery of people with schizophrenia living in the community. Quality of Life Research, 23(9), 2559-2568.
- Quality of life
- Community integration
- Hong Kong