Research has shown hope to be associated with a person’s well-being, but how it is affected by family factors is unclear. This study investigates whether family socio-economic status (SES) affects young adults’ hope, and to what extent and how different types of parental support mediate this social disparity. The data is collected from a sample of Hong Kong youth (N = 760; 54.6% girls) which participated in a 7-year longitudinal study during age 15–22. The results from multiple regression models indicate that family SES significantly predicts hope. However, cultural and academic communication and career encouragement from parents in early years, and current parental emotional support fully mediate the relationship between family SES and hope, with parental emotional support being the strongest mediator. Implications for hope theory, practices for nurturing hope and further research are discussed to suggest possible actions. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.
CitationHo, E. S.-C., Chiu, S. W.-K., Sum, K.-W., Cheung, C. W.-S., & Lee, T. S.-K. (2021). The mediating role of different types of parental support in the social disparity of hope in young adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10964-021-01409-z
- Parental support
- Social disparity
- Young adults
- Longitudinal study