The locus of teacher preparation in Hong Kong and Japan: A comparative study


Research output: Contribution to conferencePapers


This study compares the development and placement of teacher education within the tertiary education in Japan and Hong Kong. Historically both places initiated formal teacher education separate from university training as part of binary systems, and later moved teacher training into the university secotr. Both places retain mono-technical teacher training institutions along side teacher training within comprehensive universities. Both societies are involved in major educational reforms in order to respond to the economic challenges of globalization and current social ills attributed to shortcomings in the educational system. These reforms are closely linked to improving the quality (knowledge, skills and attitudes) of teachers. At the same time, demographic realities have significantly lowered the demand for teachers in both societies, and both governments are under pressure to reduce the scope of teacher education programs, primarily through institutional consolidation. Research on mergers indicates that these processes are more costly than usually expected, and may not result in the economy and efficiency that often drives the process to begin with. This paper concludes that is important to initiate merger processes with care, and not to sacrifice other important goals (such as innovative approaches to the production of high quality teachers) in the course of consolidation.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004


Grossman, D. L. (2004, April). The locus of teacher preparation in Hong Kong and Japan: A comparative study. Paper presented at the Pacific Circle Consortium 28th Annual Conference: Civic Values and Social Responsibility in a Global Context, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, China.


  • Teacher Education
  • Teacher Education and Professional Development


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