The influence of the Chinese sport system and Chinese cultural characteristics on Olympic sport psychology services

Gangyan SI, Yanping DUAN, Hin-Yue LI, Chun-Qing ZHANG, Ning SU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of sociocultural factors on Chinese Olympic sport psychology services. Design and methods: Fifteen sport psychology consultants (SPCs), who served Chinese national teams for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, participated in this study after the Olympics. Semi-structured interviews were conducted within three months of the closing of the Olympics, followed by a hybrid approach to inductive and deductive thematic analyses. Results: Two general dimensions of sociocultural influence on Chinese Olympic sport psychology services were identified: (a) the Whole-Nation System and (b) Chinese cultural characteristics. They consisted of eight higher order themes, which comprised 26 lower order themes. This study revealed that Chinese sport psychology services were enhanced by recognizing the features of the Whole-Nation System (e.g., resource centralization and top-down management) and the successful blending of these features with Chinese cultural characteristics (e.g., holistic thinking style, keeping face and interpersonal order) into the psychological service. Conclusions: Sociocultural factors had a marked influence on Chinese Olympic sport psychology services, which enabled Chinese SPCs to provide a culturally competent service (e.g., prioritizing collective interests, respecting the authority of administrative officials and coaches, and keeping face with others) for the Beijing Olympic Games. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-67
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Early online dateSep 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2015


Cultural Characteristics
Sports Psychology


Si, G., Duan, Y., Li, H.-Y., Zhang, C.-Q., & Su, N. (2015). The influence of the Chinese sport system and Chinese cultural characteristics on Olympic sport psychology service. Psychology of Sport and Exercise,17 , 56-67.


  • Cultural competence
  • Olympic games
  • Psychological services
  • Sociocultural factors
  • Sport psychology consultants
  • Thematic analysis