The influence of sociodemographic characteristics and the experience of recreational divers on the preference for diving sites

Ke ZHANG, Tsz Hin Anson MA, Theresa Wing Ling LAM, Wei FANG, Ting On Lewis CHEUNG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the preferences of scuba divers is crucial for authorities to establish appropriate management plans and for service providers to offer a wide range of recreation opportunities to promote long-term industrial sustainability. This study categorized diving preferences into two subgroups (physical and biological) to explore the association between diving preferences and divers’ sociodemographic characteristics, as well as diving experiences through multiple regression analysis. Questionnaire surveys were administered, with 398 completed responses successfully collected from diving hotspots in Hong Kong. Results revealed that divers’ sociodemographic status, particularly monthly salary, could affect their physical and biological preferences. Meanwhile, divers’ diving experience was found to be a significant predictor in figuring out their biological preferences. However, no relationship between diving experience and physical preference was identified in this study. These results could inform management authorities in implementing ecological and environmental protection because biological conditions are considered the most attractive motivation for divers to dive in Hong Kong. Similarly, these results may help managers better understand divers’ recreation needs based on different sociodemographic characteristics and diving experiences to create diverse recreation opportunities while enhancing their satisfaction by avoiding the negative impacts associated with identified preference attributes. Copyright © 2022 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSustainability
Volume15
Issue number1
Early online date27 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Citation

Zhang, K., Ma, A. T. H., Lam, T. W. L., Fang, W., & Cheung, L. T. O. (2023). The influence of sociodemographic characteristics and the experience of recreational divers on the preference for diving sites. Sustainability, 15(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/su15010447

Keywords

  • Scuba diving
  • Biological preferences
  • Physical preferences
  • diving experiences
  • Hong Kong

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